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What Women Need To Know About Menopause

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Every woman will experience menopause at one time in their life as it is an indication that their fertility and monthly periods are to end. In short, she will no longer have the ability to bear a child, as the ovaries will stop making eggs and the body will produce lesser progesterone and estrogen. Although missing periods is normal for some, menopause can only be confirmed when a woman misses her period for twelve consecutive months.

According to statistics, the average age for women to experience menopause ranges between 45 to 55 years of age. But unfortunately for some, menopause can happen as early as 40 years old. This is usually known as premature menopause and can be caused by a lot of factors such as smoking, damaged ovaries, autoimmune disorders, and even surgeries.

Although it is a natural stage in a woman’s life, there are symptoms that can be physically uncomfortable and cause emotional instability. The good thing is, there are treatments available that could lessen the symptoms associated with menopause.


From the stage of puberty until menopause, a woman will have her monthly period to indicate the start of her fertility cycle. There would be times that there will be irregularity in a woman’s period, with a number of causes such as medical conditions and pregnancy.

During the early periods of menstrual cycle, the ovaries produce more estrogen to thicken the uterus lining in preparation of possible pregnancy. It is also an indication that the egg is maturing in preparation for fertilization.

The ovary releases the mature egg on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle. This is a process called ovulation, and signals the ovaries to produce more progesterone. If no fertilization occurs, progesterone and estrogen levels decrease and causing the body to shed the uterus lining.

The term menopause is used to describe the last menstrual cycle of a woman. It’s usually the period when the ovaries produce lesser estrogen, causing irregular and skipping periods.


Perimenopause occurs a few years before the actual menopause, while regular periods still occur. At this stage however, the hormone levels rise and fall due to the ovaries producing lesser estrogen for fertilization to occur. This causes symptoms such as hot flashes and irregular periods. The stage can occur for up to five years or even longer, until the period completely ceases and menopause commences.


As mentioned before, menopause is indicated by 12 consecutive months a woman has missed her period. There is a significant decrease in progesterone and estrogen levels, indicating an end to a woman’s fertility.


The few years followed by changes caused by menopause is called postmenopause. It is this time when symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats are no longer experienced by women.

Fortunately for some, the symptoms that come with their menopause are easy to deal with. There are still a number of women, however, who have a difficult time coming to terms with menopausal symptoms. These can be lessened with alternative and conventional treatments, such as hormone replacement therapy, or by practicing techniques that can help reduce stress.

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